Porphyrios von Tyros

Porphyry (234?–305? C.E.) was a Neoplatonist philosopher born in Tyre in Phoenicia. He studied with Longinus in Athens and then with Plotinus in Rome from 263–269 C.E. and became a follower of the latter’s version of Platonism. Porphyry wrote in just about every branch of learning practiced at the time but only a portion of his large output is extant. Porphyry was an influential thinker. He applied Neoplatonism to pagan religion and other spheres and is as such a key figure the promulgation of Neoplatonic thought. His writings on Aristotle’s logical works, preserved in part and influential in the Latin West through Boethius’ translations, contain attempts to harmonize Aristotle’s logical writings with Platonism. [1] Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Schussenried_Kloster_Bibliothekssaal_Gewölbefresko_Baum_des_Porphyrius-1

Der Baum des Porphyrios auf einem Fresko (18. Jahrhundert) im Bibliothekssaal des Klosters Schussenried [2]

Videoausschnitte: Ontologie(n) in Philosophie und Informatik [3]
(Videoausschnitte sollten an entsprechender Stelle automatisch geladen werden)

[ab 07:38] Ontologie als zentraler Begriff in der Philosophie
[ab 20:09] Porphyrianischer Baum (Arbor porphyriana)

Schlüsselwörter: Ontologie, Antike, Mittelalter, Platon, Sokrates, Aristoteles, Porphyrios, Ockham, Kant, Scholastik

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[1] Eyjólfur Emilsson: “Porphyry”. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stand: First published Fri Feb 18, 2005; substantive revision Wed May 11, 2011. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/porphyry/ (abgerufen am 12. Februar 2015)

[2] Franz Georg Hermann der Jüngere, “Bad Schussenried, Kloster Schussenried, Neuer Konventsbau, Bibliothekssaal Deckenfresko, Ausschnitt: Baum des Porphyrius”, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Schussenried_Kloster_Bibliothekssaal_Gew%C3%B6lbefresko_Baum_des_Porphyrius.jpg (abgerufen am 12. Februar 2015)

[3] Sack Harald: “Ontologie(n) in Philosophie und Informatik”. Hasso Plattner Institut (HPI), 2009. https://av.getinfo.de/media/11271?0 (abgerufen am 12. Februar 2015)
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